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沃尔沃标准_VCS_5031_19-2004 Flammability of interior material.pdf

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沃尔沃 标准 _VCS_5031_19 2004 FLAMMABILITY OF INTERIOR MATERIAL
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Standard VCS 5031,19 Dept / Issued by 6857 Tommy Nordkil Issue 2 Established 2004-08 UM Page 1(12) Volvo Car Corporation The English language version is the original and the reference in case of dispute. Den engelska spr?kversionen ?r originalversion och skall ?beropas i h?ndelse av tvist. TEST METHOD AND REQUIREMENTS PROVNINGSMETOD OCH KRAV Flammability of interior materials Brandh?rdighet hos inredningsmaterial Orientation Orientering This standard conforms to the American legal require- ments for flammability MVSS 302 according to Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (49 CFR PART 571) MVSS 302 Flammability of interior mate- rials, F.R. Vol.36 No. 232 – 02.12.1971 and amended to August 1992 but also including subsequent amend- ments F.R. Vol. 63 No.101 – 27.05.1998 and F.R. Vol. 63 No.185 – 24.09.1998 as promulgated by NHTSA (National Highway Traffic Safety Administration). However, it has been made more stringent to ensure that the NHTSA requirements are met. These require- ments also apply to corresponding Canadian legal requirements. Denna standard ?verensst?mmer med den ameri- kanska lagkravsbest?mmelsen f?r brandh?rdighet MVSS 302 i enlighet med Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (49 CFR PART 571), MVSS 302 Flammability of interior materials, F.R. Vol. 36 No. 232 – 02.12.1971 och reviderad augusti 1992 men ?ven inkluderande revideringarna F.R. Vol. 63 No. 101 – 27.05.1998 och F.R. Vol. 63 No. 185 – 24.09.1998 kungjorda av NHTSA (National Highway Traffic Safety Administration). Den har dock sk?rpts f?r att s?ker- st?lla att NHTSAs krav uppfylls. Dessa krav g?ller ?ven motsvarande kanadensiska lagkrav. In some documents, the acronym FMVSS is used to express Federal Motor Vehicle Standard and CMVSS is used to express Canadian Motor Vehicle Standard. I vissa dokument anv?nds akronymerna FMVSS f?r Federal Motor Vehicle Standard och CMVSS f?r Canadian Motor Vehicle Standard. The method is not intended to assess properties at fire of components and systems during real fire conditions. Metoden ?r inte avsedd att bed?ma brandegenskaper hos komponenter och system under verkliga brand- f?rh?llanden. To point out the differences between this standard and MVSS 302 in a clear and simple way, the paragraphs concerned have been printed in bold type. F?r att p? ett enkelt s?tt visa vad som skiljer denna standard fr?n MVSS 302 ?r skillnaderna markerade med fetstil. Sections marked “S“ are taken directly from MVSS 302. Stycken m?rkta med “S“ ?r h?mtade direkt fr?n MVSS 302. When compared to MVSS 302, this standard differs in the following respects to ensure compliance with NHTSA: J?mf?rt med MVSS 302 skiljer sig standarden p? f?ljande punkter f?r att s?kerst?lla att de krav som NHTSA st?ller uppfylls: ? The requirement for burn rate has been sharpened from max. 102 millimetres/minute to 80 millimetres/minute or as an alternative, it is permissible for one or a few of the specimens to slightly exceed this value provided their mean value X does not exceed 80 millimetres/minute and that none of the specimens has a burn rate exceeding 96 millimetres/minute (S4.3(a)) ? Kravet p? brinnhastighet har sk?rpts fr?n max 102 mm/min till 80 mm/min alternativt till?ts n?gon eller n?gra provkroppar i ringa grad ?verstiga detta v?rde f?rutsatt att medelv?rdet X f?r provkrop- parna inte ?verstiger 80 mm/min och att ingen av provkropparna har en brinnhastighet ?verstigande 96 mm/min (S4.3(a)) Test equipment in accordance with MVSS 302 shall be used. Provningsutrustning enligt MVSS 302 skall anv?ndas. Standard VCS 5031,19 Issue 2 Page 2 Volvo Car Corporation ? The conditioning has been supplemented by an alternative with checking of humidity equilibrium (S5.1.2) ? Konditioneringen har kompletterats med ett alter- nativ med kontroll av fuktj?mvikt (S5.1.2) ? Testing of conditioned material in non-conditioned environment is permitted according to this standard under certain conditions (S5.1.2) ? Provning av konditionerat material i okonditionerad milj? till?ts enligt denna standard under vissa villkor (S5.1.2) ? Maximum testing temperature in accordance with ISO 3795 has been introduced (S5.1.2) ? H?gsta provningstemperatur enligt ISO 3795 har f?rts in (S5.1.2) ? The volume of the fume cupboard in relation to the metal cabinet has been specified in accordance with ISO 3795 (5.1.6) ? Dragsk?pets volym j?mf?rt med metallsk?pet har specificerats enligt ISO 3795 (5.1.6) ? A requirement concerning the velocity of the air flow in the fume cupboard specified in ISO 3795 has been introduced (5.1.7) ? Krav p? lufthastigheten i dragsk?pet enligt ISO 3795 har f?rts in (5.1.7) ? A requirement concerning the measuring accuracy of the stop watch in accordance with ISO 3795 has been introduced (5.1.8) ? Krav om stoppurets m?tnoggrannhet enligt ISO 3795 har f?rts in (5.1.8) ? The requirement applies also after ageing (5.2.8) ? Kravet g?ller ocks? efter ?ldring (5.2.8) ? A section on the classification of flammability has been introduced (5.4) ? Ett avsnitt f?r att klassificera brandf?rlopp har f?rts in (5.4) ? The reporting has been specified (6) ? Rapporteringen har specificerats (6) ? Special requirements have been introduced for filing of test results (6) ? Speciella krav f?r arkivering av provningsresultat har f?rts in (6) ? Clarification from “Laboratory procedures for flam- mability compliance MVSS 302“ has been included in the standard. ? F?rtydligande ur “Laboratory procedures for flam- mability compliance MVSS 302“ har f?rts in i stan- darden. This issue differs from issue 1 in that: Denna utg?va skiljer sig fr?n utg?va 1 genom att: ? a later issue of MVSS 302 including the subse- quent amendments F.R. Vol. 63 No. 101 – 27.05.1998 and F.R. Vol. 63 No. 185 – 24.09.1998 has been used as a basis ? en senare utg?va av MVSS 302 inklusive revi- deringarna F.R. Vol. 63 No. 101 – 27.05.1998 och F.R. Vol. 63 No. 185 – 24.09.1998 har anv?nts som f?rlaga ? dimensions in inches have been changed to millimetres ? tumm?tt har ?ndrats till millimeterm?tt ? FMVSS has been replaced by MVSS ? FMVSS har ersatts med MVSS ? illustrations of test equipment and specimen have been changed ? bilder p? provningsutrustning och provkropp har ?ndrats ? requirements where ISO 3795 contradicts MVSS 302 have been removed ? krav d?r ISO 3795 mots?ger MVSS 302 har tagits bort. ? the requirement concerning number of specimens at a burn rate of up to 15 millimetres/minute has been changed from 5 to 4. ? krav p? antal provkroppar vid en brinnhastighet upp till 15 mm/min har ?ndrats fr?n 5 till 4. Contents Inneh?ll S1 Scope S1 Omfattning S2 Purpose S2 Syfte S3 Field of application S3 Till?mpning S3A Definitions S3A Definitioner S4 Requirements S4 Krav Standard VCS 5031,19 Issue 2 Page 3 Volvo Car Corporation S5 Test procedure S5 Provningsf?rfarande S5.1 Conditions S5.1 F?ruts?ttningar S5.2 Preparation of specimens S5.2 Beredning av provkroppar S5.3 Test procedure S5.3 Provningsf?rfarande 6 Report 6 Rapport 7 Indication on drawing 7 Angivelse p? ritning S1 Scope S1 Omfattning This standard specifies burn resistance requirements for materials used in the occupant compartments of motor vehicles. Denna standard specificerar krav p? brandh?rdighet f?r material som ing?r i ?kandeutrymmen i motorfor- don. S2 Purpose S2 Syfte The purpose of this standard is to reduce the number of deaths and injuries to motor vehicle occupants caused by vehicle fires, especially those originating in the interior of the vehicle from sources such as matches and cigarettes. Syftet med denna standard ?r att minska antalet d?ds- fall och skador till f?ljd av fordonsbrand, speciellt brand som uppst?r i fordons inredning orsakad av t.ex. t?ndstickor eller cigaretter. S3 Application S3 Till?mpning This standard applies to passenger cars, multipurpose passenger vehicles, trucks and buses. Standarden till?mpas f?r personbilar, lastbilar, bussar och d?rmed j?mf?rbara fordon. S3A Definitions S3A Definitioner ”Occupant compartment air space” means the space within the occupant compartment that normally con- tains refreshable air. ”Luftat ?kandeutrymme” avser utrymme f?r passage- rare och bagage som normalt inneh?ller (utbytbar) friskluft. ”Burn rate” means quotient of the burnt distance measured according to this standard and the time taken to burn this distance. It is expressed in mil- limetres per minute (ISO 3795, section 3.1). ”Brinnhastighet” avser kvoten mellan brinnl?ngd m?tt enligt denna standard och den tid det tar att brinna denna str?cka. Den anges i millimeter per minut (ISO 3795, avsnitt 3.1). ”Composite materials” means material composed of several layers of similar or different materials intimately held together at their surfaces by ce- menting, bonding, cladding, welding, etc. (ISO 3795, section 3.2). ”Kompositmaterial” avser material som ?r upp- byggda av flera lager av liknande eller olika mate- rial vars ytor h?lls t?tt ihop genom hopkittning, limning, pl?tering, svetsning etc. (ISO 3795, avsnitt 3.2). ”Exposed side” means side which faces towards the occupant compartment when the material is mounted in the vehicle (ISO 3795, section 3.3). ”Exponerad sida” avser den sida som vetter mot passagerarutrymmet n?r materialet ?r monterat i fordonet (ISO 3795, avsnitt 3.3). Standard VCS 5031,19 Issue 2 Page 4 Volvo Car Corporation S4 Requirements S4 Krav S4.1 The portions described in S4.2 of the following components of vehicle occupant compartments shall meet the requirements of S4.3: Seat cushions, seat backs, seat belts, headlining, convertible tops, arm rests, all trim panels including door, front, rear, and side panels, compartment shelves, head restraints, floor coverings, sun visors, curtains, shades, wheel housing covers, engine compartment covers, mattress covers, and any other interior materials, including padding and crash-deployed elements, that are de- signed to absorb energy on contact by occupants in the event of a crash. S4.1 De i S4.2 beskrivna delarna av f?ljande kompo- nenter i luftat ?kandeutrymmet skall uppfylla kraven i S4.3: Sittdyna, ryggst?d, s?kerhetsb?lte, innertak, sufflett, armst?d, alla paneler inkl. d?rr-, fr?mre, bakre och sidopaneler, hyllor, nackskydd, golvmattor, sol- skydd, gardiner, sk?rmar, hjulhusbekl?dnad, bekl?d- nad mellan motor och passagerarutrymmen, madrass- bekl?dnad och annat material i fordonets inredning inklusive stoppning och energiupptagande element som ?r konstruerade att absorbera energi vid kontakt med ?kande i h?ndelse av kollision. S4.1.1 (Reserved). S4.1.1 (Reserverad). S4.2 Any portion of a single or composite material which is within 13 mm of the occupant compartment air space shall meet the requirements of S4.3. S4.2 Alla delar av homogent eller sammansatt ma- terial som finns inom 13 mm fr?n luftat ?kandeutrym- me skall uppfylla kraven i S4.3. S4.2.1 Any material that does not adhere to other material(s) at every point of contact shall meet the re- quirements of S4.3 when tested separately. S4.2.1 Allt material som inte i varje punkt samman- fogats till annat/andra material skall uppfylla kraven i S4.3 n?r det provas separat. S4.2.2 Any material that adheres to other material(s) at every point of contact shall meet the requirements of S4.3 when tested as a composite with the other material(s). S4.2.2 Allt material som i varje punkt sammanfogats till annat material skall uppfylla kraven i S4.3 n?r det provas som sammansatt material med annat/andra material. Fig. 1 Material A has a non-adhering interface with material B and is tested separately. Part of material B is within 13 mm of the occupant compartment air space, and materials B and C adhere at every point of contact; therefore B and C are tested as a composite. The cut is in material C as shown, to make a specimen 13 mm thick. Material A ?r inte sammanfogat till material B och pro- vas separat. En viss del av material B ligger inom 13 mm fr?n luftat passagerarutrymme och materialen B och C ?r sammanfogade i varje punkt. B och C provas d?rf?r som sammansatt material. Klyvningen g?rs i material C enligt figur f?r att erh?lla en 13 mm tjock provkropp. S4.3 (a) When tested in accordance with S5, material described in S4.1 and S4.2 shall not burn, nor transmit a flame front across its surface, at a rate of more than 102 millimetres/minute. Volvo’s more stringent requirements are given below. S4.3 (a) N?r material enligt S4.1 och S4.2 provas en- ligt S5 f?r materialet/materialen inte brinna eller fort- planta en flamfront ?ver sin yta snabbare ?n 102 mm/min. Volvos sk?rpta krav f?ljer nedan. Millimetres (mm) Standard VCS 5031,19 Issue 2 Page 5 Volvo Car Corporation Volvo’s requirements: Volvos krav: 80 millimetres/minute [1] (VCS 5060,39 Classification of requirements – Consequence classes) 80 mm/min [1] (VCS 5060,39 Klassificering av krav – Konsekvensklasser) If one or a few specimens slightly exceed this value they can still be approved provided the mean value X of their results does not exceed 80 millimetres/minute and that none of the specimens has a burn rate exceeding 96 millimetres/minute. Om n?gon eller ett f?tal av provkropparna i ringa grad ?verstiger detta krav kan de ?nd? godk?nnas f?rutsatt att medelv?rdet X inte ?verstiger 80 mm/min och att ingen av provkropparna har en brinnhastighet ?verstigande 96 mm/min. However, the requirement concerning transmission of a flame front shall not apply to a surface created by the cutting of a test specimen for purposes of testing pursuant to S5. Kravet betr?ffande fortplantande av flamfront skall inte g?lla f?r en yta som erh?llits genom klyvning av en provkropp f?r provning enligt S5. S4.3 (b) If a material stops burning before it has burned for 60 seconds from the start of timing, and has not burned more than 51 mm from the point where timing was started, it shall be considered to meet the burn-rate requirements of S4.3 (a). S4.3 (b) Om ett material upph?r att brinna inom 60 sekunder fr?n tidtagningens b?rjan och inte har brunnit mer ?n 51 mm fr?n det st?lle d?r tidtagningen startades skall det bed?mas ha uppfyllt brinnhastig- hetskravet enligt S4.3 (a). S5 Test procedure S5 Provning S5.1 Conditions S5.1 F?ruts?ttningar S5.1.1 The test is conducted in a metal cabinet for protecting the specimen from drafts. The interior of the cabinet is 381 mm long, 203 mm deep, and 356 mm high. It has a glass observation window in the front, a closable opening to permit insertion of the specimen holder, and a hole to accommodate tubing for a gas burner. For ventilation, it has a 13 mm clearance space around the top of the cabinet, ten holes in the base of the cabinet, each hole 19 mm in diameter and legs to elevate the bottom of the cabinet by 10 mm, all located
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