热门搜索:

  • /?8
  • 下载费用:8 金币 ?

h33 position sensor.pdf

关?键?词:
H33 POSITION SENSOR
资源描述:
Position Sensors In many applications, the ECM needs to know the position of mechanical components. The Throttle Position Sensor (TPS) indicates position of the throttle valve. Accelerator Pedal Position (APP) sensor indicates position of the accelerator pedal. Exhaust Gas Valve (EGR) Valve Position Sensor indicates position of the EGR Valve. The vane air flow meter uses this principle. Electrically, these sensors operate the same way. A wiper arm inside the sensor is mechanically connected to a moving part, such as a valve or vane. As the part moves, the wiper arm also moves. The wiper arm is also in contact with a resistor. As the wiper arm moves on the resistor, the signal voltage output changes. At the point of contact the available voltage is the signal voltage and this indicates position. The closer the wiper arm gets to VC voltage, the higher the signal voltage output. From this voltage, the ECM is able to determine the position of a component. POSITION SENSORSPage 1 ? Toyota Motor Sales, U.S.A., Inc. All Rights Reserved.Throttle Position Sensor The TPS is mounted on the throttle body and converts the throttle valve angle into an electrical signal. As the throttle opens, the signal voltage increases. The ECM uses throttle valve position information to know: ? engine mode: idle, part throttle, wide open throttle. ? switch off AC and emission controls at Wide Open Throttle (WOT). ? air-fuel ratio correction. ? power increase correction. ? fuel cut control. The basic TPS requires three wires. Five volts are supplied to the TPS from the VC terminal of the ECM. The TPS voltage signal is supplied to the VTA terminal. A ground wire from the TPS to the E2 terminal of the ECM completes the circuit. At idle, voltage is approximately 0.6 - 0.9 volts on the signal wire. From this voltage, the ECM knows the throttle plate is closed. At wide open throttle, signal voltage is approximately 3.5 - 4.7 volts. Inside the TPS is a resistor and a wiper arm. The arm is always contacting the resistor. At the point of contact, the available voltage is the signal voltage and this indicates throttle valve position. At idle, the resistance between the VC (or VCC terminal and VTA terminal is high, therefore, the available voltage is approximately 0.6 - 0.9 volts. As the contact arm moves closer the VC terminal (the 5 volt power voltage), resistance decreases and the voltage signal increases. POSITION SENSORSPage 2 ? Toyota Motor Sales, U.S.A., Inc. All Rights Reserved.Some TPS incorporate a Closed Throttle Position switch (also called an idle contact switch). This switch is closed when the throttle valve is closed. At this point, the ECM measures 0 volts and there is 0 volts at the IDL terminal. When the throttle is opened, the switch opens and the ECM reads +B voltage at the IDL circuit. POSITION SENSORSPage 3 ? Toyota Motor Sales, U.S.A., Inc. All Rights Reserved.The TPS on the ETCS-i system has two contact arms and to resistors in one housing. The first signal line is VTA1 and the second signal line is VTA2. VTA2 works the same, but starts at a higher voltage output and the voltage change rate is different from VTA1 As the throttle opens the two voltage signals increase at a different rate. The ECM uses both signals to detect the change in throttle valve position. By having two sensors, ECM can compare the voltages and detect problems. POSITION SENSORSPage 4 ? Toyota Motor Sales, U.S.A., Inc. All Rights Reserved.Accelerator Pedal Position (APP) Sensor The APP sensor is mounted on the throttle body of the ETCS-i. The APP sensor converts the accelerator pedal movement and position into two electrical signals. Electrically, the APP is identical in operation to the TPS. EGR Valve Position Sensor The EGR Valve Position Sensor is mounted on the EGR valve and detects the height of the EGR valve. The ECM uses this signal to control EGR valve height. The EGR Valve Position Sensor converts the movement and position of the EGR valve into an electrical signal. Operation is identical to the TPS except that the signal arm is moved by the EGR valve. Position Sensor Diagnostics The following explanations are to help you with the diagnostic procedures in the Repair Manual. The explanations below are representative to the order listed in the RM. You may find different orders in the RM. Diagnostic Tester Comparing the position of the sensor to Diagnostic Tester data is a convenient way of observing sensor operation. For example, with the TPS, the lowest percentage measured with Key On/Engine Off is with the throttle valve at its minimum setting, and the highest percentage will be at Wide Open Throttle. POSITION SENSORSPage 5 ? Toyota Motor Sales, U.S.A., Inc. All Rights Reserved.Inspect Throttle Position Sensor On some models, you will find TPS checks in the Throttle Body on Vehicle Inspection in the SF Section. POSITION SENSORSPage 6 ? Toyota Motor Sales, U.S.A., Inc. All Rights Reserved.POSITION SENSORSPage 7 ? Toyota Motor Sales, U.S.A., Inc. All Rights Reserved.ASSIGNMENT NAME: ___________________________ 1. What are some of the common uses of position sensors? List them. 2. Explain how a position sensor (potentiometer) works? 3. Draw a sample position sensor circuit. Label all parts. 4. The PCM (ECM) uses throttle valve position information to control what functions? 5. Why do some TPS have an IDL contact and how does the PCM use this information? 6. What are the typical voltage values of a TPS? (Reference, idle, WOT) 7. Why does the PCM use an EGR position sensor and how is it used? Explain the strategy behind this sensor. 8. Explain the testing procedure for a position sensor such as a TPS. (In detail) POSITION SENSORSPage 8 ? Toyota Motor Sales, U.S.A., Inc. All Rights Reserved.
? 汽车智库所有资源均是用户自行上传分享,仅供网友学习交流,未经上传用户书面授权,请勿作他用。
0条评论

还可以输入200字符

暂无评论,赶快抢占沙发吧。

关于本文
本文标题:h33 position sensor.pdf
链接地址:http://www.autoekb.com/p-2759.html
关于我们 - 网站声明 - 网站地图 - 资源地图 - 友情链接 - 网站客服客服 - 联系我们

copyright@ 2008-2018 mywenku网站版权所有
经营许可证编号:京ICP备12026657号-3?

收起
展开