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MA_MAINTENANCE(检查维护).pdf

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MA_MAINTENANCE 检查 维护
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MA-1 MAINTENANCE C D E F G H I J K L M B MA SECTION MA N O A CONTENTS MAINTENANCE PRECAUTION ........................................... .... 2 PRECAUTIONS .............................................. ..... 2 Precaution for Supplemental Restraint System (SRS) “AIR BAG“ and “SEAT BELT PRE-TEN- SIONER“ ............................................................. ......2 PREPARATION ........................................ .... 3 PREPARATION .............................................. ..... 3 Special Service Tool ........................................... ......3 Commercial Service Tool .................................... ......3 ON-VEHICLE MAINTENANCE ................. .... 4 GENERAL MAINTENANCE ........................... ..... 4 General Maintenance .......................................... ......4 PERIODIC MAINTENANCE ........................... ..... 6 Introduction of Periodic Maintenance .................. ......6 Schedule 1 .......................................................... ......6 Schedule 2 .......................................................... ......8 RECOMMENDED FLUIDS AND LUBRI- CANTS ............................................................ ....10 Fluids and Lubricants .......................................... ....10 Engine Oil Recommendation .............................. ....11 ENGINE MAINTENANCE (VQ40DE) ............. ....12 Checking Drive Belts ........................................... ....12 Changing Engine Coolant ................................... ....12 Checking Fuel Line ............................................. ....15 Changing Fuel Filter ............................................ ....15 Changing Engine Air Cleaner Filter ..................... ....15 Changing Engine Oil ........................................... ....16 Changing Oil Filter .............................................. ....17 Changing Spark Plugs ........................................ ....18 Checking EVAP Vapor Line ................................. ....19 ENGINE MAINTENANCE (VK56DE) ................20 Checking Drive Belts ........................................... ....20 Changing Engine Coolant .................................... ....20 Checking Fuel Line .............................................. ....23 Changing Fuel Filter ............................................ ....23 Changing Engine Air Cleaner Filter ..................... ....23 Changing Engine Oil ............................................ ....24 Changing Oil Filter ............................................... ....24 Changing Spark Plugs ......................................... ....25 Checking EVAP Vapor Line ................................. ....27 CHASSIS AND BODY MAINTENANCE ...........28 Changing the In-cabin Microfilter ......................... ....28 Checking the Exhaust System ............................. ....29 Checking the A/T Fluid (ATF) .............................. ....29 Changing the A/T Fluid (ATF) .............................. ....31 Checking Transfer Fluid ...................................... ....32 Changing Transfer Fluid ...................................... ....32 Checking Propeller Shaft ..................................... ....34 Checking Front Final Drive Oil ............................. ....34 Changing Front Final Drive Oil ............................ ....34 Checking Rear Final Drive Oil ............................. ....35 Changing Rear Final Drive Oil ............................. ....36 Balancing Wheels ................................................ ....37 Tire Rotation ........................................................ ....39 Checking Brake Fluid Level and Leaks ............... ....39 CheckingBrake Line and Cables ......................... ....39 Checking Disc Brake ........................................... ....39 Checking Steering Gear and Linkage .................. ....40 Checking Power Steering Fluid and Line ............ ....40 Checking Axle and Suspension Parts ................. ....41 Lubricating Locks, Hinges and Hood Latches ..... ....42 Checking Seat Belts, Buckles, Retractors, An- chors and Adjusters ............................................. ....42MA-2PRECAUTIONS PRECAUTION PRECAUTIONS Precaution for Supplemental Restraint System (SRS) “AIR BAG“ and “SEAT BELT PRE-TENSIONER“ INFOID:0000000001621697 The Supplemental Restraint System such as “AIR BAG” and “SEAT BELT PRE-TENSIONER”, used along with a front seat belt, helps to reduce the risk or severity of injury to the driver and front passenger for certain types of collision. This system includes seat belt switch inputs and dual stage front air bag modules. The SRS system uses the seat belt switches to determine the front air bag deployment, and may only deploy one front air bag, depending on the severity of a collision and whether the front occupants are belted or unbelted. Information necessary to service the system safely is included in the SR and SB section of this Service Man- ual. WARNING: ? To avoid rendering the SRS inoperative, which could increase the risk of personal injury or death in the event of a collision which would result in air bag inflation, all maintenance must be performed by an authorized NISSAN/INFINITI dealer.  Improper maintenance, including incorrect removal and installation of the SRS, can lead to personal injury caused by unintentional activation of the system. For removal of Spiral Cable and Air Bag Module, see the SR section.  Do not use electrical test equipment on any circuit related to the SRS unless instructed to in this Service Manual. SRS wiring harnesses can be identified by yellow and/or orange harnesses or har- ness connectors.PREPARATION MA-3C D E F G H I J K L M B MA N O A PREPARATION PREPARATION Special Service Tool INFOID:0000000001621698 The actual shapes of the Kent-Moore tools may differ from those of the special service tools illustrated here. Commercial Service Tool INFOID:0000000001621699 Tool number (Kent-Moore No.) Tool name Description KV10115801 (J-38956) Oil filter cap wrench Removing and installing oil filter a: 64.3 mm (2.531 in) KV991J0010 (J-23688) Engine coolant refractometer Checking concentration of ethylene glycol in engine coolant KV991J0070 (J-45695) Coolant refill tool Filling cooling system NT375 WBIA0539E LMA053 Tool name Description Power tool Loosening bolts and nuts Spark plug wrench Removing and installing spark plug PBIC0190E S-NT047MA-4GENERAL MAINTENANCE ON-VEHICLE MAINTENANCE GENERAL MAINTENANCE General Maintenance INFOID:0000000001621700 General maintenance includes those items which should be checked during the normal day-to-day operation of the vehicle. They are essential if the vehicle is to continue operating properly. The owner can perform these checks and inspections or have their NISSAN dealers perform them. OUTSIDE THE VEHICLE The maintenance items listed here should be performed from time to time, unless otherwise specified. INSIDE THE VEHICLE The maintenance items listed here should be checked on a regular basis, such as when performing periodic maintenance, cleaning the vehicle, etc. Item Reference page Tires Check the pressure with a gauge at least once a month and always prior to a long distance trip. Adjust to the specified pressure if necessary. Check carefully for damage, cuts or excessive wear. — Wheel lug nuts When checking the tires, make sure no nuts are missing, and check for any loose nuts. Tighten if necessary. WT-36, “Rotation“ Windshield Clean the windshield on a regular basis. Check the windshield at least every six months for cracks or other damage. Repair as necessary. Tire rotation Tires should be rotated every 12,000 km (7,500 miles). WT-36, “Rotation“ Transmitter compo- nents in tire pressure monitoring system (TPMS) Replace grommet seat, valve core and cap of the transmitter on TPMS every tire replacement by reaching wear limit of tire. WT-8, “System Diagram“ Wheel alignment and balance If the vehicle pulls to either side while driving on a straight and level road, or if you detect uneven or abnormal tire wear, there may be a need for wheel align- ment. If the steering wheel or seat vibrates at normal highway speeds, wheel bal- ancing may be needed. WT-35, “Balancing Wheels“, FSU-5, “Front Wheel Alignment“ Windshield wiper blades Check for cracks or wear if they do not wipe properly. — Doors and engine hood Check that all doors and the engine hood operate smoothly as well as the back hatch. Also make sure that all latches lock securely. Lubricate if necessary. Make sure that the secondary latch keeps the hood from opening when the primary latch is released. When driving in areas using road salt or other corrosive materials, check lubri- cation frequently. MA-42, “Lubricating Locks, Hinges and Hood Latches“ Lamps Make sure that the head lamps, stop lamps, tail lamps, turn signal lamps, and other lamps are all operating properly and installed securely. Also check head lamp aim. Clean the head lamps on a regular basis. EXL-109, “HEADLAMP : Aiming Adjustment“ Item Reference page Warning lamps and buzzers/chimes Make sure that all warning lamps and buzzers/chimes are operating properly. WCS-18, “Component Function Check“ Windshield wiper and washer Check that the wipers and washer operate properly and that the wipers do not streak. — Windshield defroster Check that the air comes out of the defroster outlets properly and in sufficient quantity when operating the heater or air conditioner. — Steering wheel Check that it has the specified play. Be sure to check for changes in the steering condition, such as excessive play, hard steering or strange noises. ST-12, “On-Vehicle In- spection and Service“ Seats Check seat position controls such as seat adjusters, seat back recliner, etc. to make sure they operate smoothly and that all latches lock securely in every po- sition. Check that the head restraints move up and down smoothly and that the locks (if equipped) hold securely in all latched positions. Check that the latches lock securely for folding-down rear seat backs. —GENERAL MAINTENANCE MA-5C D E F G H I J K L M B MA N O A UNDER THE HOOD AND VEHICLE The maintenance items listed here should be checked periodically (e.g. each time you check the engine oil or refuel). Seat belts Check that all parts of the seat belt system (e.g. buckles, anchors, adjusters and retractors) operate properly and smoothly and are installed securely. Check the belt webbing for cuts, fraying, wear or damage. SB-8, “Seat Belt Inspec- tion“, MA-42, “Checking Seat Belts, Buckles, Re- tractors, Anchors and Adjusters“ Accelerator pedal Check the pedal for smooth operation. Keep the floor mats away from the pedal. — Brakes Check that the brake does not pull the vehicle to one side when applied. — Brake pedal and booster Check the pedal for smooth operation and make sure it has the proper distance under it when depressed fully. Check the brake booster function. Keep the floor mats away from the pedal. BR-7, “Brake Pedal In- spection and Adjust- ment“, BR-7, “Brake Booster Inspection“ Parking brake Check that the parking brake control has the proper travel and make sure that the vehicle is held securely on a fairly steep hill when only the parking brake is applied. PB-3, “On-Vehicle Ser- vice“ Automatic transmis- sion “Park” mecha- nism On a fairly steep hill check that the vehicle is held securely with the selector lever in the P position without applying the brakes. — Item Reference page Item Reference page Windshield washer fluid Check that there is adequate fluid in the tank. — Engine coolant level Check the coolant level when the engine is cold. CO-11 (VQ40DE) CO-38 (VK56DE) Radiator and hoses Check the front of the radiator and clean off any dirt, insects, leaves, etc., that may have accumulated. Make sure the hoses have no cracks, deformation, de- terioration or loose connections. — Brake fluid level Make sure that the brake fluid level is between the “MAX” and “MIN” lines on the reservoirs MA-39 Battery Check the fluid level in each cell. It should be between the “MAX” and “MIN” lines. Vehicles operated in high temperatures or under severe conditions require fre- quent checks of the battery fluid level. — Engine drive belt Make sure that no belt is frayed, worn, cracked or oily. MA-12 (VQ40DE) EM-153 (VK56DE) Engine oil level Check the level on the dipstick after parking the vehicle on a level spot and turn- ing off the engine. LU-8 (VQ40DE) LU-24 (VK56DE) Power steering fluid level and lines Check the level on the reservoir with the engine off. Check the lines for improper attachment, leaks, cracks, etc. MA-40 Automatic transmis- sion fluid level Check the level on the dipstick after putting the selector lever in “P” with the en- gine idling. TM-180 Exhaust system Make sure there are no loose supports, cracks or holes. If the sound of the ex- haust seems unusual or there is a smell of exhaust fumes, immediately locate the trouble and correct it. MA-29 Underbody The underbody is frequently exposed to corrosive substances such as those used on icy roads or to control dust. It is very important to remove these sub- stances, otherwise rust will form on the floor pan, frame, fuel lines and around the exhaust system. At the end of winter, the underbody should be thoroughly flushed with plain water, being careful to clean those areas where mud and dirt can easily accumulate. — Fluid leaks Check under the vehicle for fuel, oil, water or other fluid leaks after the vehicle has been parked for a while. Water dripping from the air conditioner after use is normal. If you should notice any leaks or gasoline fumes are evident, check for the cause and correct it immediately. —MA-6PERIODIC MAINTENANCE PERIODIC MAINTENANCE Introduction of Periodic Maintenance INFOID:0000000001621701 Two different maintenance schedules are provided, and should be used, depending upon the conditions in which the vehicle is mainly operated. After 60,000 miles (96,000 km) or 48 months, continue the periodic maintenance at the same mileage or time intervals, whichever comes first. Maintenance for off-road driving (4X4 only) After driving the vehicle off-road through sand, mud, or water; more frequent maintenance may be required for the following items:Brake pads and rotorsBrake lines and hosesRear final drive oil, transmission fluid, and transfer fluidSteering linkageDrive shaftsEngine air cleaner filterIn-cabin microfilters Schedule 1 INFOID:0000000001621702 EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEM MAINTENANCE Abbreviations: R = Replace. I = Inspect. Correct or replace if necessary. [ ]: At the mileage intervals only Schedule 1 Follow Periodic Maintenance Schedule 1 if your driving habits frequently includes one or more of the following driving conditions:  Repeated short trips of less than 5 miles (8 km).  Repeated short trips of less than 10 miles (16 km) with outside temperatures re- maining below freezing.  Operating i
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